Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):15, 23, 4, 211-224
Study examined current state-level efforts to identify and provide special education and related services to children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). A 1999 survey of State Directors of Special Education revealed that most states had emerging initiatives for children with TBI and were expanding their capacity to serve this growing population. To determine whether significant changes in patterns of identification and service delivery had occurred, state education agencies (SEAs) and brain injury consumer organizations were surveyed in 2012. Survey results show some improvement, but significant gaps remain. More than half of the SEA directors reported that students with TBI are not appropriately identified for special education and related services, and fewer states reported a TBI specialist within the SEA than in 1999. Recommendations for policy changes and research are provided.