Journal:Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):15, 30, 4, 241-248
Study examined the relationship among resilience, psychological distress, adjustment, and community participation in 96 adult survivors of mild-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (10-item version) was used to assess resilience, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18) was used to characterize psychological distress, and the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Index (MPAI-4) was used to measure ability, adjustment, and participation. Results showed that resilience scores were substantially lower than those of the general population. Signiﬁcant relationships were found among resilience, psychological distress, and adjustment. Partial correlations (adjusting for the other MPAI-4 indices) showed signiﬁcant correlation between MPAI-4 adjustment and resilience. Partial correlations (adjusting for the other BSI-18 scales) also showed signiﬁcance for depression and resilience. Resilience scores differed signiﬁcantly between the 55 individuals meeting BSI-18 caseness criteria for psychological distress and the 41 subjects not meeting the criteria. The results indicate that individuals with TBI are at risk for low resilience, which was found to correlate with psychological distress and psychosocial maladjustment. Developing interventions to strengthen resilience skills has the potential to improve post-injury psychosocial adjustment.