Model System:


Reference Type:


Accession No.:


Brain Injury

Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):

, 34, 6, 697-707


Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a novel intervention facilitating volunteer activity to improve well-being in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Design: Randomized two-arm controlled trial, with a wait-list control condition ( NCT#01728350).

Setting: Community-based setting.

Participants: Seventy-four community-dwelling individuals at least 1-year post TBI, who had completed inpatient or outpatient TBI rehabilitation.

Interventions: A novel intervention, HOPE - Helping Others through Purpose and Engagement, involving orientation/training and a 3-month volunteer placement for the participant, along with training for community agencies regarding TBI.

Main outcome measure(s: ): Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS); Flourishing Scale (FS); Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18); Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE); Purpose in Life subscale (one of six in the Ryff Scale of Psychological Well-Being - 54 item version).

Results: There were significantly greater improvements in life satisfaction (SWLS) and self-perceived success (FS) in the intervention group compared to the control group. There were no significant treatment effects on the additional secondary measures of well-being, although they trended in a positive direction.

Conclusions: This study supports our primary hypothesis that individuals who take part in a volunteer intervention will demonstrate greater psychological well-being in comparison to a control group.


Lisa Payne, Lenore Hawley, Clare Morey, Jessica M Ketchum, Angela Philippus, Mitch Sevigny, Cynthia Harrison-Felix, Ed Diener