Short Tilte:Clinical applications of electrical stimulation after spinal cord injury
Journal:Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):04, 27, 4, 365-375
Article reviews current applications of electrical stimulation after spinal cord injury (SCI) and identifies future directions for research and clinical utility. Electrodes on the skin, percutaneous fine wires, or stimulators fully implanted within the body can provide stimulation. Electrical stimulation has been used to exercise paralyzed muscles and reverse wasting; improve strength, endurance, and cardiovascular fitness; and reduce the progression of osteoporosis. Other potential therapeutic uses being investigated include reduction of spasticity, prevention of deep vein thrombosis, and improvement of tissue health. Stimulation has also been shown to restore respiratory, bladder, bowel, sexual, and limb function in people with SCI.