American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):, 39, 7, 653-662
Study qualitatively explored physical activity in the group home setting and determined what key stakeholders want from a physical activity program. Twenty stakeholders (residents with intellectual disability, support staff, and program coordinators) participated in one of three focus groups, separated by stakeholder status. Discussions were transcribed, coded, and analyzed. A number of factors emerged that would assist rehabilitation professionals in understanding physical activity within the group home setting. The following six meta-themes were identified: nature of residents’ physical activity, facilitators to physical activity, barriers to physical activity, personal factors, organizational factors, and solutions to increase physical activity. The findings suggest that residents with intellectual disabilities have low physical activity and opportunities for participation. Key attributes of the group home setting were identified between barriers and facilitators to activity. Consideration for the development of physical activity programs should focus on the unique needs of the group home setting as expressed by stakeholders. The results of this study will provide critical information on how to implement activity programs to fit the needs of the group home environment.
Dixon-Ibarra, Alicia, Driver, Simon, Vanderbom, Kerri, Humphries, Kathleen