Short Title:Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):15, 96, 4, 569-577
Article reviews the theoretical foundations of environmental factors (EFs) as they relate to their impact on participation, and suggests how theory can support the development of environmental measures. The authors discuss different approaches to the measurement of EFs, emphasize the need for greater conceptual clarity in the dynamic relationship between EFs and participation, and call for the development and application of EF measures that build on these conceptual foundations. The thoughtful application of theories and the use of advanced measurement techniques are critical steps for understanding the environment-participation relationship and providing rehabilitation stakeholders with information needed to modify environments to facilitate social participation for individuals with disabilities.