Short Tilte:Sitting balance following brain injury: Does it predict outcome?
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):00, 14, 2, 141-152
Balance dysfunction is commonly observed following traumatic brain injury. There are many proposed predictors of functional outcome in the traumatic brain injury population. It was hypothesized that the degree of balance dysfunction on admission to rehabilitation would be a significant predictor of the need for assistance at discharge, as measured by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). This study involved 237 cases of traumatic brain injury patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit between November 1989 and September 1996. Using a multiple regression model, controlling for age, initial Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), rehabilitation admission strength, sitting balance and standing balance, it was found that the degree of impairment in sitting balance at admission to rehabilitation was a significant predictor of Discharge FIM-Total (FIM-T) score (p