Short Tilte:Race and productivity outcome after traumatic brain injury: Influence of confounding factors
Journal:Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):03, 18, 5, 408-424
Study examined the influence of confounding factors on the relationship between race and productivity outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Using data from the TBI Model Systems database, researchers studied the impact of factors confounded with race that affect productivity outcomes at 1-year follow-up. Results showed that African Americans were 2.76 times more likely to be nonproductive than whites and other racial minorities were 1.92 times more likely to be nonproductive than whites. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the effect of race on employability was influenced by confounds with preinjury productivity, education level, and cause of injury. After adjustment for other predictors, African Americans were 2.00 times more likely than whites to be nonproductive and other racial minorities were 2.08 times more likely than whites to be nonproductive. Findings indicate that confounding with preinjury productivity, education level, and cause of injury significantly influences any effect of race on productivity.