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Journal of Neurotrauma

Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):

, 33, 14, 1390-1396

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Study examined patterns of alcohol use among 170 adults with a history of complicated mild to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were recruited from a Level 1 trauma center at the time of their injury and completed evaluations at 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, and 3 to 5 years after injury. Pre-injury alcohol use was also assessed at the time of the 1-month assessment. A modified Quantity-Frequency Index of alcohol consumption was then calculated for each time point. The results revealed high levels of pre-injury alcohol consumption, followed by a reduction in consumption at 1-month post-injury. A significant increase in consumption was noted by 6 months post-injury, followed by more gradual increases in alcohol consumption at 1 year. Post-injury alcohol consumption was comparable to the general public at 6 months, 12 months, and 3 to 5 years post-injury. These results suggest that the first 6 months after injury may be the critical window of opportunity for alcohol intervention.


Pagulayan, Kathleen F., Temkin, Nancy R., Machamer, Joan E., Dikmen, Sureyya S.