Short Tilte:Outcome 3 to 5 years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury
Journal:Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):03, 84, 10, 1449-1457
Article describes neuropsychologic functioning, emotional status, functional outcomes, and perceived quality of life in patients 3 to 5 years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). A battery of measures was used to collect data, including the Abbreviated Injury Scale, the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Brief Symptom Inventory, the Functional Status Examination, the Glasgow Outcome Scale, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, and perceived QOL. Results indicated that brain injury severity is related to neuropsychologic and functional outcomes, but not to emotional or QOL measures. Personal care, ambulation, and standard of living were least affected, whereas leisure and recreation, cognitive competency, and financial independence were most severely affected. Length of impaired consciousness appeared to contribute to outcome more than did anatomic lesions.