Short Tilte:Neurobehavioral outcome in persons with violent or nonviolent traumatic brain injury
Journal:Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):03, 18, 5, 387-397
Study compared demographic characteristics, preexisting conditions, brain injury severity, and neuropsychological and psychosocial outcomes between adults with violent and nonviolent traumatic brain injury (TBI). Subjects were followed to 1 year after injury. Results indicate significant difference between the groups on demographics, preexisting conditions, and head injury severity. Results indicated significant differences in demographics and preexisting conditions between the 2 groups. Those violently injured had preexisting conditions associated with worse functioning but milder injuries compared to those injured nonviolently. Findings suggest that it is the severity of the head injury and characteristics of the person prior to the injury that predict neuropsychological outcome and not the circumstances of the injury itself. Neuropsychological and psychosocial outcome did not differ between groups when all other factors were taken into consideration.