Journal:Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):12, 27, 6, E45-E56
Study assessed mortality, life expectancy, risk factors, and causes of death by age groups among individuals who received inpatient traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation. Participants were 8,573 individuals injured between 1988 and 2009, and received inpatient rehabilitation at TBI Model Systems sites, with survival status determined as of December 31, 2009. Results indicate that moderate-to-severe TBI increases the risk of mortality compared with the general population in all age groups, with the exception of those 85 years or older at the time of injury. Teenagers to middle-aged adults are at particular risk. Risk factors for death vary by age group and included gender, marital and employment status, year and cause of injury, and level of disability. External causes of death predominate in younger groups. For the youngest male participants in the sample, longevity was reduced up to 16 years.