Short Tilte:Identifying environmental factors that influence the outcomes of people with traumatic brain injury
Journal:Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):04, 19, 3, 191-204
Study examined the impact of environmental barriers reported by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their employment, community mobility, social integration, and life satisfaction outcomes. Participants were surveyed using the Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors, which rates the frequency and impact of 25 barriers. Results showed that barriers with the greatest reported impact were: (1) availability of transportation; (2) aspects of the surroundings such as lighting, noise, and crowding; (3) government policies; (4) other people's attitudes at home; and (5) the natural environment. People who were married, older, and unemployed or not in school reported the most barriers overall. Those reporting a greater impact from environmental barriers also reported lower levels of participation and life satisfaction.