Journal:Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):16, 97, 9 (Supplement 3), S194-S200
Study investigated the effectiveness of a physical activity intervention for use within a comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation program for individuals with brain injury. Forty-seven individuals with a brain injury were enrolled in either the intervention group or control group. The intervention consisted of an 8-week informational and social/behavioral program that focused on enabling individuals to become independently active. The control group completed the standard of care typically available to patients in comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation. Assessments completed pre- and post-intervention and at 3-month follow-up included physical activity as the primary outcome and exercise self-efficacy and rehabilitation outcomes as secondary outcomes. Outcome measures included the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey self-report physical activity items, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4. The intervention group reported significantly greater weekly activity, self-efficacy, and rehabilitation outcomes at the completion of the program as well as at the 3-month follow-up when compared with the control group. Significantly, individuals in the experimental group reported increasing their weekly activity from 45 minutes preprogram to 72 minutes post-program, and 67 minutes at 3-month follow-up. Findings suggest that the intervention may be effective in increasing the physical activity behaviors of individuals engaged in a comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation program after brain injury.