Short Tilte:Ethnic differences in rehabilitation placement and outcome after TBI
Journal:Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):07, 22, 2, 113-121
Objective: To determine whether race/ethnicity and proficiency with the English language influence access to rehabilitation services, and ultimately outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: A retrospective correlational investigation. Setting and Participants: Postrehabilitation outpatients with blunt TBI. A total of 476 patients were examined 6 months postinjury, of which 109 (23%) were Hispanics, and of those 42 were predominantly Spanish speaking. Main Outcome Measures: Access to rehabilitation services, Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended. Results: Insurance, age, and injury severity had the greatest influence on receipt of rehabilitation services; however, higher rates
of severe disability were found among Hispanics and Spanish speakers than non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic English speakers, respectively. Conclusions: Insurance status has a larger influence on receipt of rehabilitation services than ethnicity or proficiency with the English language, but language proficiency is a significant predictor of severe disability.