Short Tilte:A typology of alcohol use patterns among persons with recent traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury: Implications for treatment matching
Journal:Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):03, 84, 3, 358-364
Describes clinically meaningful and empirically valid types of alcohol use among people with recent traumatic brain or spinal cord injury that are responsive to specific forms of treatment. Four types were identified using cluster analysis based on preinjury alcohol consumption, alcohol problems, and alcohol dependence. The 4 types corresponded to those with a history of (1) alcohol abuse; (2) alcohol dependence; (3) alcohol dependence in remission, partial remission, or relapsed; and (4) normal or nondrinkers. The presence of these 4 types emphasizes the need for specific treatments such as education, motivational interventions, formal substance abuse treatment, and relapse prevention.