Short Tilte:Quantifying environmental factors: A measure of physical, attitudinal, service, productivity, and policy barriers
Journal:Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):04, 85, 8, 1324-1335
Article describes the development and testing of questionnaire designed to assess environmental barriers encountered by people with and without disabilities. Disability experts developed items for the Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF) to measure the frequency and magnitude of environmental barriers reported by individuals. Factor analysis yielded 5 subscales measuring: (1) attitudes and support, (2) services and assistance, (3) physical and structural, (4) policy, (5) work and school environmental barriers. The CHIEF total score had high test-retest reliability and high internal consistency, but lower participant-proxy agreement. Significant differences were found in the scores among people with known differences in disability levels and disability categories.