Short Tilte:Postrehabilitation outcomes after spinal cord injury caused by firearms and motor vehicle crash among ethnically diverse groups
Journal:Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):98, 79, 10, 1237-1243
Study comparing post-rehabilitation outcomes for spinal cord injury (SCI) caused by firearms versus motor vehicle crash. Data were collected through interviews and reviews of medical records from 164 men with SCI age 18-35, to determine the differential effects of impairment, disability, etiology, and selected preinjury and social factors on medical complications, medical resources use, and handicap after rehabilitation. The authors conclude that disability is the most important factor in post-rehabilitation outcomes for SCI, followed by injury completeness. Post-injury but not pre-injury drug abuse is adversely associated with outcomes. Etiology and ethnicity are not important determinants of outcome.