Short Tilte:Nontraumatic spinal cord injury: Etiology, incidence, and outcome
Journal:In S. Kirshblum, D. I. Campagnolo, J. A. DeLisa (Eds.), Spinal cord medicine. Philadelphia : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):02, N/A, , 471-479
Chapter reviews the literature pertaining to the incidence, demographics, clinical presentations, and outcomes for nontraumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). The more common causes of nontraumatic SCI include spinal stenosis, cancerous compression, vascular ischemia, and multiple sclerosis. Other etiologies include inflammatory diseases of infectious and noninfectious nature, motor neuron diseases, radiation myelopathy, syringomyelia, paraneoplastic syndrome, vitamin B12 deficiency, Friedreich ataxia, and compression secondary to rheumatoid arthritis.