Journal:Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):09, 1, 10, 941-950
Objective: Best practice is a practice that, on rigorous evaluation, demonstrates success, has had an impact, and can be replicated. It is differentiated from its constituent parts, evidence-based practice and knowledge translation, by its general meaning and global purview. The purpose of this clinical review is to provide transparency to the concept and achievement of best practice in the context of rehabilitation medicine. The authors will review and analyze the roles of evidence-based practice and knowledge translation in rehabilitation medicine as they work to support best practice. Challenge areas will be discussed, including an evidential hierarchy in need of update, a lack of “high-level” research evidence, and delays in translating evidence to practice. Last, the authors will argue that rehabilitation medicine is well-positioned to effect change by promoting inclusion of emerging research methodologies and analytic techniques that better capture contextspecific rehabilitation evidence, into the evidential hierarchy. Achieving best practice isdependent on this, as well as alignment of all key stakeholders, ranging from the patient, researchers and clinicians, to policymakers, payers, and others.