Model System:


Reference Type:

Journal article

Accession No.:



Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):

, 101, 7, 1243-1259

Publication Website:


The objective of this study was to conduct a scoping review on classifications of mild stroke based on stroke severity assessments and/or clinical signs and symptoms. Electronic searches of PubMed, PsycINFO (Ovid), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL–EBSCO) databases included keyword combinations of mild stroke, minor stroke, mini stroke, mild cerebrovascular, minor cerebrovascular, and transient ischemic attack. Five reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts for inclusion and exclusion criteria. Two reviewers independently screened each full-text article for eligibility. The 5 reviewers checked the quality of the included full-text articles for accuracy. Data were extracted by 2 reviewers and verified by a third reviewer. Sixty-two studies were included in the final review. Ten unique definitions of mild stroke using stroke severity assessments were discovered, and 10 different cutoff points were used. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale was the most widely used measure to classify stroke severity. Synthesis also revealed variations in classification of mild stroke across publication years, time since stroke, settings, and medical factors including imaging, medical indicators, and clinical signs and symptoms. Inconsistencies in the classification of mild stroke are evident with varying use of stroke severity assessments, measurement cutoff scores, imaging tools, and clinical or functional outcomes. Continued work is necessary to develop a consensus definition of mild stroke, which directly affects treatment receipt, referral for services, and health service delivery.


Roberts, Pamela S. |Krishnan, Shilpa |Burns, Suzanne P. |Ouellette, Debra Pappadis, Monique R.|

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