Employment probability trajectories in Hispanics over the 10 years after traumatic brain injury: A model systems study
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Study identified the demographic, injury, and rehabilitation characteristics that predict employment probability trajectories among Hispanics during the first 10 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Data were obtained from 1,346 Hispanic individuals enrolled in the multi-site, longitudinal TBI Model Systems database. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine baseline predictors of employment probability trajectories across the study period. Employment probability demonstrated a quadratic movement over time, with an initial increase followed by a plateau or slight decrease. Hispanics with TBI had higher employment probability trajectories if they had been younger at the time of injury, spent less time in posttraumatic amnesia, had greater years of education, had been employed at the time of injury, had higher annual earnings at the time of injury, and had experienced a non-violent mechanism of injury. Culturally adapted treatment programs with a focus on early intervention incorporating vocational rehabilitation and employment programs for Hispanics with TBI who present with these risk factors are needed.
Arango-Lasprilla, Juan C.|Watson, Jack D.|Rodriguez, Miriam|Ramos-Usuga, Daniela|Mascialino, Guido|Perrin, Paul B.|