Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):, 76, 11, 1564-1568
Study examined the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in pediatric burn survivors who had been treated for acute stress disorder symptoms during their initial hospitalization and compared them to patients who had been asymptomatic for acute stress disorder. Participants were primarily matched on total body surface area burned and gender, and as close as possible on age at time of burn and number of years postburn. Pediatric burn survivors completed a semi-structured clinical interview, the Missouri Assessment of Genetics Interview for Children-PTSD section, which is based on criteria from the DSM-IV for evaluating lifetime PTSD. Of the 183 participants in the study, 85 matched pairs with and without acute stress disorder were identified. The prevalence of PTSD at the time of follow-up was 8.24 percent (7 of 85) for the acute stress disorder group and 4.71 percent (4 of 85) for the comparison group. No significant differences were found between the groups. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine if prior acute stress disorder diagnosis, burn size, gender, ethnicity, age at time of study participation, and number of years postburn predicted subsequent PTSD. None of the variables were significant predictors.
Rosenberg, Laura, Rosenberg, Marta, Robert, Rhonda, Richardson, Lisa, Sharp, Sherri, Holzer, Charles E., Thomas, Christopher, Meyer III, Walter J.