Journal:Frontiers in Neurology
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):14, 5, 86,
Study identified factors associated with chronic pain among survivors of The Station nightclub ﬁre, including those with and without burn injury. The primary outcome measure was the presence and severity of pain. Univariate and stepwise multiple regression analyses were used to examine relationships among variables. Variables considered included age, gender, marital status, burn injury, total body surface area, skin graft, premorbid employment, time off work, return to same employment, depression assessed with the Beck depression inventory (BDI), and post-traumatic stress measured with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised. All persons in attendance at The Station nightclub in West Warwick, Rhode Island on February 20, 2003 were eligible for inclusion in the study. The recruitment process identified 144 eligible participants, who were asked to complete a survey consisting of 130 questions pertaining to demographic, medical, psychological, social, and occupational status. Of the 104 ﬁre survivors who completed the survey, 27 percent reported pain at least 28 months after the event. Multiple factors associated with pain were assessed in the univariate analysis but only age, graft, and BDI score were signiﬁcantly associated with pain in the multiple regression model. The results indicated that a signiﬁcant number of ﬁre survivors with and without burn injuries experienced chronic pain. Depth of burn and depression were signiﬁcantly associated with pain outcome. These findings suggest that pain management should address both physical and emotional risk factors in this population.