Journal:J. Burn Care & Research
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):06, 27, 6, 779-785
This study examines potential for suicide risk among young adults burned as children and examines characteristics associated with potential risk. Eighty-five young adults were administered the Suicide Probability Scale, which contains four clinical subscales: suicide ideation, hopelessness, negative self-evaluation, and hostility; the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire; and the Family Environment Scale. Burn survivors reported more feelings of hopelessness in comparison to the reference group. High anxiety was positively associated with hopelessness, suicide ideation, hostility and negative self-evaluation whereas high extroversion was inversely related with hopelessness, negative self-evaluation, and hostility. Multiple regression analyses revealed emotional stability explained 29% of the variance, self-reliance 17% of the variance, and both 38% of the variance in relation to Suicide Probability Scale scores; and increased family conflict 12% of the variance. Results suggest that high anxiety, emotional reactivity, and family conflict correlate with increased potential suicide risk; whereas, extroversion correlates with decreased risk.