The goal of the Social Interaction Skills Training study is to not only assess the magnitude of social anxiety and social phobia as a result of disfigurement following burn injury, but also to provide and document the efficacy of a social skills training program developed to overcome feelings of isolation, interaction anxiety and avoidance. It is believed that such a program would increase self-efficacy and confidence and facilitate successful social re-integration. The Social Interaction Skills Training (SIST) study is designed as a two-part study. The aim of Part-1 of the study is to assess (a) the prevalence of social interaction anxiety, social phobia and body image dissatisfaction; and (b) relationship between social interaction anxiety, social phobia and body image dissatisfaction. The aim of Part-2 of the study is to provide a brief social interaction skills training program as a treatment intervention to reduce the level of social anxiety, phobia and body image dissatisfaction. Part-2 of the study is a prospective randomized experiment with an intervention group that will receive social skills training and a non-intervention group that will receive our current standard treatment which does not include social interaction skills training.
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The target population are adults who have sustained a major burn injury as defined by American Burn Association and were admitted to the Parkland Regional Burn Center for treatment.